Works of Chalmers -
THE PUBLISHED WRITINGS OF THOMAS
CHALMERS, DD., LLD.
Known and prized throughout Europe and America, the works of Dr. Chalmers have taken that elevated place in our permanent national literature which, while putting them above the need of any encomium of ours, must always command for them the study and admiration of every person whose range of reading is meant to embrace the higher classes of the country. Whether considered as a poet, orator, philosopher, or divine, the Doctor is, beyond all question, one of the most remarkable men of his age and what should greatly commend his publications as furnishing an excellent and varied training to the youthful mind, is, that independently of the practical and useful way in which he has discussed the important topics that engage his genius, he has invested them with such charms of original argument and felicitous illustration as not only inveigle the reader into the most subtile and profound analytical processes, but leave him unconscious all the while that he is perusing anything more abstruse than one of Sir Walters novels - Times.
BY SUTHERLAND AND KNOX, EDINBURGH.
HAMILTON, ADAMS, & CO., LONDON.
UNIFORM EDITION OF DR. CHALMERS WORKS.
RE-PUBLISHED BY HIMSELF.
"We look upon it as nothing else than a national blessing, that so great an ornament of our country as the distinguished author of these volumes should have been led to apply his powerful mind while still in the full vigour of its faculties, to the collecting and arranging of his voluminous and varied works, in order to deliver them intp the hands of his countrymen in that form and in that state in which he would desire them to descend to posterity. We have been all along both interested and delighted spectators of the progress of the undertaking; and we now intend, in this and a few successive articles, to do our part to press its important claims on the attention of the religious public."
- Extract from critique in Edinburgh Christian Instructor, 1837.
EDITED BY DR. HANNA.
"To commend these works is superfluous; they have met with universal approbation from the British Press and public. That the periodical press, representing so great a variety of religious and political opinion, should have so generally noticed them, and that too with high commendation, is a circumstance exceedingly rare, if not altogether unparalleled. They have charms for the merely literary man, and they will obtain a hearing for evangelical truth in quarters from which it would otherwise be excluded."
- - Kitto's Journal.
. ORIGINAL WORKS.
AS REPUBLISHED BY DR. CHALMERS.
25 Vols. l2vo, Price £5.
THE DIFFERENT SUBJECTS SOLD SEPARATELY AT 4s. PER VOLUME.
This Edition is not composed of mere reprints of the 8vo Works previously issued under titles somewhat similar. In every instance, the l2vo Editions were thoroughly revised, and, in most cases, new matter added or incorporated.
2 VOLS., PRICE 8s.
This comprises the BRIDGEWATER TREATISE, with about one-half more of new matter.
VOL 1. BOOK I. - Preliminary Views..
I. Distinction between the Ethics and Objects of Theology.
II. On the Duty which is laid upon men by the Probability or even the imagination of a God.
III. Of the Metaphysics which have been resorted to on the side of Theism.
DR. CLARKE'S A PRIORI ARGUMENT ON THE BEING OF A GOD.
MR. HUME'S OBJECTION TO THE A POSTERIORI ARGUMENT, GROUNDED ON THE ASSERTION THAT THE WORLD IS A SINGULAR EFFECT.
IV. On the Hypothesis that the World is Eternal.
. BOOK II. - Proofs for the Being of a God in the Dispositions of Matter.
I. Distinction between Laws and Dispositions of Matter.
II. Natural and Geological Proofs.
III. Evidences in the Phenomena of Visible and External Nature.
BOOK III -- Proofs for the being and character of God in the Constitution of the Human Mind.
I. General considerations.
II. On the Supremacy of Conscience.
III. Pleasure of the Virtuous, and Misery of the Vicious Affections.
IV. The Power and Operation of Habit.
BOOK lV. - Evidences for a God In the Adaptation of External Nature to the moral Constitution of Man
I, On the General Adaptation.
II. On Special and Subordinate Adaptations.
III. On the Civil and Political Wellbeing of Society.
IV. On the Economic Wellbeing of Society.
V. Adaptations to the Moral and Intellectual Constitution of Man.
VI. On the Capacities of the World for making a Virtuous Species happy.
BOOK. V. - On the inscrutability of the Divine Counsels and Ways; and on Natural Theology viewed as an imperfect System., and as a Precursor to the Christian Theology.
I. On Man's Partial and Lhited Knowledge of Divine Things.
II. On the Use of Hypotheses in Theology.
LEIBNITZ'S THEORY OP THE ORIGIN OF EVIL.
III. On the Doctrine of a Special Providence and the Efficacy of Prayer.
IV. On the Defects and the Uses of Natural Theology.
EVIDENCES OF CHRISTIANITY.
2 VOLS., PRICE 8s.
Contains the original publication on the Evidences, and new matter to the extent of three- fourths of the two Volumes.
BOOK l. - Prelhininary Considerations.
I. On the Cognizance which the Understanding takes of its own Processes.
II. On Man's Instinctive Belief in the Constancy of Nature.
III. On the Sufficiency of Human Testimony for the Proof of Miracles.
Mr.Hume's Objections to the Truth of Miracles.
I. On the Origin of our Belief in Testimony.
II. On the Power of the Evidence of Testimony.
III. On the Power of a Single Testimony.
IV. On the Concurrence of Distinct Testimonies.
BOOK 11. - On the Miraculous Evidence for the Truth of Christianity.
I. On the Historical Evidence.
II. On the Genuineness of the different Books of the New Testament.
III. Internal Marks of Truth in New Testament.
IV. Original Witnesses to the Truth of the Gospel Narrative.
V. On the Testimony of Subsequent Witnesses.
VI. Impregnable Character of the Historical Argument.
VII. Remarks on the Argument from Prophecy.
VIII. Connexion between Miracles and Doctrines.
BOOK III - On the Internal Evidence of Christianity.
I. Consistency of Scripture with Itself.
II. On the Moral Evidence for the Truth of the New Testament.
III. On the Expeimental Evidence for the Truth of Christianity.
IV. Portable Character of the Christian Evidences.
BOOK IV. - On the Books of the Jewish and Christian RevelatIon, and the Degree of Authority which belongs to them.
I. On the Canon of Scripture; and, more especially, of the Old Testament,
II. On the Inspiration of the Old and New Testaments.
III. Internal Evidence for Inspiration.
IV. On the Supreme Authority of Revelation.
MORAL AND MENTAL PHILOSOPHY.
I VOL., PRICE 4s.
This work was not previously published.
I. On the Distinction between the Moral and Mental Philosophy.
II. On the peculiar Difficulty in the Study of Mind.
III. On the Emotions.
IV. On the Command which the Will has over the Emotions.
V. On the Morality of the Emotions.
VI. On the Undue Place which is often given to the Emotions.
VII. On the Final Causes of the Emotions.
VIII. On the Phenomena of Anger and Gratitude.
IX. On the Duties of Perfect and hperfect Obligation.
X. On Diversities of Statement in regard to General Questions.
1 VOL., PRICE 4s.
The Sermons marked * did not appear in the original editions of the Commercial Discourses.
I. Mercantile Virtues which Exist without Christianity, Phil. iv. 8.
II. Influence of Christianity on the Mercantile Virtues, Rom. xiv. 18.
III. Selfishness as promoting the Honesties of Commerce, Luke vi. 33.
IV. Guilt of Dishonesty not to be Estimated by its Gain, Luke xvi. 7.
V. Christian Law of Reciprocity between Man and Man, Matt. vii. 12.
VI. On the Dissipation of Large Cities - Ephes. v. 6.
VII. Vitiating Influence of the Higher on the Lower Orders, Luke xvii. 1, 2.
VIII. On the Love of Money Job xxxi. 24~28.
*IX. The Expulsive power of a New Affection 1 John ii. 15.
*X The Restlessness of Human Ambition Ps. xi. 1; lv. 6.
*XI. Advantages of Christian Knowledge to Lower Orders, Eccles. iv. 13.
*XII. Duty and the Means of Christianizing our Home Population Mark xvi.15.
*XIII. On the Honour due to all Men I Peter ii. 17.
*XIV. On the Moral Influence of Fidelity. Titus ii. 10.
*XV. The importance of Civil Government to Society, Rom. iii. 9-19
1 VOL., PRICE 4s.
The last seven Discourses were not in the original edition.
I. A Sketch of the Modern Astronomy
II. The Modesty of True Science
III. On the Extent of the Divine Condescension,
IV. Knowledge of Man in Distant Places of Creation,
V. Sympathy for Man in Distant Places of Creation,
VI. Contest for Ascendency over Man amongst the higher Orders of Intelligence Col.2.15.
VII. Influence of mere Taste and Sensibility in Religion,
APPENDIX of Scripture Notes.
Discourses of a Kindred Character with the preceding.
I. The Constancy of God in His Works an Argument for the Faithfulness of God in His Word,
*11. On the Consistency between the Efficacy of Prayer and the Uniformity of Nature
*111. The Transitory Nature of Visible Things,
*IV. On the New Heavens and the New Earth,
V Nature of the Kingdom of God
*VI. Heaven a character and not a Locality,
VII. On the Reasonableness of Faith
3 vols., Price 12s.
A considerable number of the Sermons appeared in these volumes for the first the.
I. Necessity of the Spirit to give Effect to Preaching, I Cor. ii. 4, 9.
11. Mysterious Aspect of the Gospel to Men of the World, Ezek. xx. 49.
III. Preparation necessary for understanding the Gospel, Matt. xiii. 11, 12.
IV. The Morality that is without Godliness Job ix. 30-33.
V. Judgment of Men compared with Judgment of God, I Cor. iv. 3, 4.
VI. The Necessity of a Mediator between God and Man, Job ix. 33.
VII. Folly of Men measuring themselves by themselves, 2 Cor. x. 12.
VIII. On the Paternal Character of God Matt. vii. 11.
IX. Christ the Wisdom of God 1 Cor. i. 24.
X. The Principle of Love to God Jude 21.
XI. Gratitude not a Sordid Affection I John iv. 19.
XII. The Affection of Moral Esteem towards God, . . . Psalm xxvii.
XIII. The Emptiness of Natural Virtue John v. 42.
XIV. The State of the Unconverted Eph. ii. 12.
XV. The Evils of False Security Jer. vi. 14.
XVI. The Goodness and Severity of God - Rom. xi. 22.
I. On the Universality of Spiritual Blindness,...Is. xxix. 9-12.
II. Distinction between Knowledge and Consideration, Is. i. 3.
III. The Natural Enmity of the Mind against God
IV Power of the Gospel to dissolve the Ennmity of the Human Heart against God
V. The Union of Truth and Mercy in the Gospel, . . Psalm lxxxv. 1 0.
VI. The Purifying Influence of the Christian Faith, . . Acts xxvi. 1 8.
VII. Salvation scarcely obtained even by the Righteous, I Peter iv. 18.
VIII. On the Doctrine of Predestination Acts xxvii. 21.31.
IX. On the Nature of the Sin against the Holy Ghost, Matt. xii. 3, 32.
X. On the Spirit's Striving with Man Gen. vi. 3.
Xl. On the Nature of the Sin unto Death I John v. 16.
XII. On the Christian Sabbath Mark ii. 27.
XIII. The Christianity of the Sabbath Is. lviii. 13, 14.
XIV. The Advantages of a fixed Sabbath Gal. iv. 10.
XV. The Accommodating Spirit of Christian Charity to the Scruples of the Weak
XVI. On the Amusements and Companies of the World,. 2 Cor. vi. 14.16.
XVII. On Christian Conversation Col. iv. 5, 6.
XVIII. On Christian Casuistry Rom.
I. Of the Flesh and the Spirit Gal. vi. 8.
II. On the Knowledge of Christ and Him Crucified, . 1 Cor. ii. 2. 7
III Danger of Neglecting the Gospel -. Heb. ii. 3.
IV The Relation of the Law to the Gospel,
V. On Faith and Repentance Acts xx. 21.
VI. The immediate Reward of Obedience Psalm xix. 11.
VII. The Necessity of a Personal Meetness for Heaven, Col. I. 12.
VIII. Singleness of Aim and Spiritual Discernment, . Matt. vi. 22.
IX. The Second Coming of Christ 4cts 1. 1l.
X. God is Love John iv. 16.
XI. Fear of Terror and Fear of Reverence 1 Peter i.17.
XII. Immortality brought to light by the Gospel, 2 Th. i. 10.
XIII. The Brevity of Human Life I Cor vii. 29.
XIV. The Faith of the Patriarchs Heb. xi. 14.
XV. Incipient Duties and the Subsequent Experiences Luke xxiv. 49. of a Christian
XVI. Connexion between Faiths and Peace Rom. v. 1.
XVII. Analogies between the Natural and the Spiritual Husbandry
XVIII. On the Universality of the Gospel Offer Luke ii. 14.
SERMONS ON PUBLIC OCCASIONS.
1 Vol., price 4s.
Some of the Discourses in this Volume were not previously published.
I. On the Death of the Princess Charlotte Is. xxvi. 9.
11. Thoughts on Universal Peace Is. ii. 4.
III. Doctrine of Christian Charity Matt. vii.3-5.
IV. On the Respect due to Antiquity Jer. vi. 16.
V. Man's Wrath in Religious Controversies James i. 20.
VI. On the Death of the Rev. Dr. Andrew Thomson, Heb. xi. 4.
VII. The Utility of Missions ascertained by Experience,John i. 46.
VIII. On Cruelty to AnIMals Prov. xii. 10.
IX. The Blessedness of Considering the Case of the Poor, Psalm xli. 1.
X. The Two Instruments appointed for the Propagation of the Gospel
XI. On Preaching to the Common People Mark xii. 37.
XII. Superior Blessedness of the Giver to the Receiver, Acts xx. 35.
XIII. On Religious Establishments 2 Th ii. 2.
TRACTS AND ESSAYS.
1 VOL., PRICE 4s.
Comprises the Author's principal Contributions to the Periodicals of the day.
Christ a Guide in the Establishment of Charitable Institutions.
On Prayer and Performance for the success of Missions.
The Duty of Diligence in the Christian Life.
Parochial Associations For moral and spiritual good
On the Consistency of Legal and voluntary principles.
Parochial Schools and their Advantages in Large towns.
On the Technical Nomenclature of Theology
On the Efficacy of Missions as Conducted by the Moravians
On the Style and Subjects of the Pulpit.
On the Difference Between Spoken and Written Language
On Cuvier's Theory of the Earth
Speech on a Proposed Modification of Patronage.
On the Abolition of Colonial Slavery
INTRODUCTORY ESSAYS TO SELECT CHRISTIAN AUTHORS.
1 Vol. Price 4s
These Essays formed Prefaces to Mr.Collin's Series of Christian Authors
On the Imitation of Christ
On Romaine's Treatises on the Life, Walk and Triumph of Faith
0n Serle's Christian Remembrancer.
On Guthrie's Christian's Great Interest.
On Owen's Grace and Duty of Being Spiritually Minded.
On Baxter's Call to the Unconverted.
On Scudder's Christian's Daily Walk
On Tracts by the Rev. Thomas Scott
On Beveridge's Private Thoughts.
On Booth's Reign of Grace.
On Shower's Serious Reflections
On Treatises against Infidelity - by Leslie, Lyttleton etc.
On Howe'e Living Temple
On Romaine's Select Letters
On Hall's Treatise on the Faith and Influence of the Gospel
CHRISTIAN AND ECONOMIC POLITY OF A NATION
Contains the original work on the Christian and Civic Economy.
I Advantages of Assiimlating a Town to a Country Parish
II. On the influence of Locality in Towns
III. Principle of Locality in Towns to the Work of a Minister.
IV. Effect of Locality in a Town
V.and VI. On Church Patronage,
VII. On Church Offices.
VIII. On Sabbath Schools
IX On the Christian and Civic Economy of Towns
X On the Bearing of Christian Economy on Pauperism
Xl. On the Bearing which a right Civic Economy has upon Pauperism.
XII. State and Prospects of Pauperism in Glasgow.
XIII.0n the Difficulties and Evils of Scottish Pauperism.
XIV. On the Abolition of Pauperism in England.
XV. On Parliamentary Means for its Abolition in England.
XVI. On Parochial Means for its Abolition in England.
XVII. On the Wages of Labour.
XVIII. On Poor Rates in aid of Defective Wages.
XIX. On Savings Banks.
XX., XXI. On the Combinations of Workmen for raising Wages.
XXII. On Errors in regard to Labour and Labourers.
XXIII. On the Effect of High Prices on Foreign Trade.
XXIV. Political Economy as a Branch of Popular Education.
APPENDIX ON PAUPERISM.
I. Measures pursued in Glasgow for Extinction of Pauperism.
II. Pauperism of Glasgow, from the Experience of Eight Years.
III. Evidence before House of Commons on Irish Poor-Law.
IV. Protracted Experience of Pauperism in Glasgow.
CHURCH AND COLLEGE ESTABLISHMENTS.
1 VOL.,PRICE 4s.
Includes the Treatise on Literary and Ecclesiastical Endowments, and the Lectures delivered in London on Church Establishments.
Part 1. - On the Use and Abuse of Literary and Eceleslastical Endowments.
I. General Argument in favour of Endowments.
II. Special application of the Argument to Colleges.
III. On Church Endowments.
IV. On the Abuse of Endowments.
Part 11. - Lecture, on the Establishment and Extension of National Churches.
I. Statement of the Question, and Exposure of Misconceptions.
II. Vindication in opposition to the Economists.
III. Vindication in opposition to the Voluntary Principle.
IV. Circumstances which determine the selection of one Denomination.
V. On a Territorial Establishment, and the Reasons of its Efficacy.
VI. Abiding by the Selection of one Denomination.
1 VOL., PRICE 4s.
The Right Ecclesiastical Economy of a Large Town.
Churches and Chapels.
The Question stated between Churchmen and Dissenters.
Evils which Edinburgh Suffers in virtue of Seat-letting.
Re-Assertion of Evils of Edinburgh System of Seat-letting.
The Proceedings of the Church Deputation in London.
Duty which the Church owes to the People of Scotland.
Example of the Apostles in Administration of Public Charities.
I. On the Increase and Limit of Food.
II. On the Increase and Limit of Employnment.
III. On the Increase and Limit of Capital.
IV. Parallel between Population and Capital.
V. On the Possibility of Over-production, or of a General Glut.
VI., VII. On the Limits of Foreign Trade.
VIII., IX. Effect of Taxes on the Labouring Classes.
X. On Tithes.
XI.Distinction between Productive and Unproductive Labour.
XII. On the Law of Primogeniture.
XIII. On Emigration.
XIV. On a Compulsory Provision for the Indigent.
XV. 0n the Christian Education of the People.
On the Rent of Land. - On Machinery. - On Home Colonization. - On the National Debt. - On Profit - On Free Trade. - On Corn Laws - On the gradual Reform of our Financial System. - Synoptical View of the Political Economy of this Volume.
Observations on a Criticism in the Edinburgh Review.
Connexion between the Extension of the Church and Pauperism.
Comparison of Scotch and English Pauperism.
Management of the Poor in Glasgow.
State and prospects of Manufactures.
SUFFICIENCY OF A PAROCHIAL SYSTEM.
1 VOL., PRICE 4s.
I. On Intercourse with the Common people.
II. On the office of Almoner to a given Population.
III. On Visitations by Office-bearers in the Church,.
IV. Eighteen Years Experience in St. John's Glasgow.
V. Ethical view of the Question.
VI. Scriptural view of the Question.
VII. Medical view of the Question.
VIII. Historical view of the Question.
IX. Political Economy of the Question.
X. Politics of the Question.
XI. Statistics of the Question.
XII. Recent Authorship of the Question.
XlII. Application of Argument, particularly to Scotland.
Copious Appendix of Illustrative Documents.
LECTURES ON THE ROMANS.
4 VOLS., PRICE 16s.
VOL. I - -LECTURE I. TO LECTURE XXV.
R0MAn5, CHAP.I. TO V.
VOL. II. - LECTURE XXVI. TO LECTURE L.
R0MANS. CHAP. VI. - VIII.
VOL.III - LECTURE LI. TO LECTURE LXXV. ROMANS, Chap.VIII. - IX.
VOL. 1V. -LI - LECTURE LXXVI. TO LECTURE C. Roms, CHAP. X. - XVI.
" We know few volumes in our language which could stand a comparison with these Lectures. We well remember with what profound interest they were listened to by crowded audiences, and with what energy of physical exertion and moral earnestness they were delivered by the distinguished author; and now that we can more leisurely review them in their present form, we find in them not indeed a minute or methodical exposition of the Epistle, but a most vigorous elucidation of its leading principles, and a most powerful application of them to the practical purposes of public instruction." - Presbyterian Review
"Of Dr. Chalmers Lectures on the Romans, it is difficult to pronounce an opinion. They are the productions of a philosopher, and one of the highest grade, who, at the same time, possessed the heart and the experience of an humble Christian. He expatiates over the whole field of truth with the eye of an eagle, and with the docility of a child, without ever overleaping the boundaries of revelation. He was evidently a man by himself, taller by his shoulders than most men, either in this or in any other age, having a mind as sound as it was vigorous, an imagination as sober as it was creative, and a capacity to illustrate and to amplify quite unequalled."
- Translation of Calvin on the Romans,
EDITED BY DR. HANNA.
9 Vols. 8vo, price £4, 14s. 6d.
SEPARATE VOLUMES AT lOs. 6d. EACH.
DAILY SCRIPTURE READINGS. 3 Vols. 8vo,£1, 11s. 6d.
THIS work was commenced by the Author in October 1841, and continued till the time of his decease. A portion of Scripture, extending generally from ten to twenty verses, was read daily, and the reflections which it suggested were embodied in a few brief paragraphs. Dr. Chalmers own description of the work was, that it comprised his first and readiest thoughts upon the passage coming daily under review. The READINGS, beginning with Genesis, are carried down to the end of Jeremiah.
"We shall receive these volumes as a precious legacy to the Church of God; and if we may judge of what is yet to come, by what has been already furnished in the present volume, we shall read them not once or twice, but recur to them again and again, and linger over them as in hallowed fellowship with the mind that produced them, and devoutly rejoicing that, great as may be the intellectual disparity between the writer and the reader, when they come into the presence of ETERNAL TRUTH, ;the brother of low degree is exalted, and the brother of high degree is made low, and both stand on the basis of a common redemption, and exult in the possession of a common hope."Evangelical Christendom.
"In a manner the most simple and artless, Dr. Chalmers throws a light upon expressions, upon customs, upon passages, the elucidation of which we have often sought for in vain in works of professed criticism Were we to quote each particular instance in which the author has most felicitously drawn out the peculiar features of the transaction he dwells upon, our remarks would reach to an extent inconsistent with our present thesis. The work itself we can confidently recommend to our readers, as conveying to us the most interesting and instructive comments upon the transactions recorded in Holy Writ ; as affording the purest and most consolatory views of the Divine Governor of the world and as holding out the most powerful persuasives to a holy and religious life." - Morning Chronicle.
"We must express our high sense of the value of this publication, believing it to be much calculated to benefit those who peruse it. The gratification we have already received, even from a cursory glance at its contents, induces us to commend it to others with our warmest recommendation. We are delighted to think into how many circles of society it will penetrate, which the productions of other men, however excellent, but with an inferior name, cannot be expected to reach - there to exert a useful and lasting influence. May our anticipations be realized." Eclectic Review.
SABBATH SCRIPTURE READINGS.
2 VoLs.8vo, £1, 1
Two chapters, one in the Old the other in the New Testament, were read by Dr. Chalmers each Sabbath, and those trains of meditative thought, passing frequently into ejaculatory prayer, which the reading of each chapter suggested, were committed to writing. This Work is mainly though not exclusively devotional. The Sabbath Readings begin with Genesis, and are continued down to the 2nd Book of Kings. They embrace the whole of the New Testament.
"There is in this volume, the personal interest, the distinct individual characterization, formed as with the very breath of the living Chalmers. The man himself is here, in almost every page - so devout, so simple, so ingenuous, yet so large-minded in his lowliness. The work, indeed, is a journal of devotion and self-examination rather than a fasciculus of Scriptural commentaries. Commentary there is, but it is the mere rind, the husk the fruit itself lies beneath - Which cut down through the middle, Shews a heart blood tincturcd with a veined humanity. It is the frequent revelation of the inmost humanity of the mail which renders the book so profoundly touching." - Atlas.
"We have perused them with delight, and we trust with profit. We admire the style beautifully simple, yet nervous. Much more do we admire the spirit, its holy breathings, its devout and lofty aspirations. The inner man of Chalmers stands revealed. We find ourselves admitted into that awful sanctuary, with which only his God and hhself had hitherto been acquainted ; and with feelings not to be described, we gaze upon the spiritual sacrifice that is there presented, and listen to the heavenly comnmunings there vouchsafed. it is truly a precious book; having all the interest of a diary or autobiography, and containing a noble but most unostentatious manifestation of the sincere faith and piety of one whose name has already become symbolical of whatever is most dazzling in eloquence, and exalted in philanthropy." - &Scottish Press.
ILLUSTRATIVE OF DIFFERENT STAGES IN THE MINISTRY OF DR.CHALMERS FROM 1798-1847.
1 Vol. 8vo, lOs. 6d.
THE above volume differs from all previous collections of Discourses by Dr. Chalmers, not merely in being posthumous, but as comprising Sermons written at all stages of his Ministry, the selection and order of insertion being regulated with a view to the exhibition of the progressive development of Christian Truth in the mind of the author. The volume contains thirty-three Sermons now for the first time published, and embraces amongst other interesting compositions, a Presbyterial exercise written before he had completed his eighteenth year; Farewell Discourses at Cavers, Kilmany, and Glasgow; Address to Dr. Duff; Opening Sermon at St. John's Free Church, Glasgow; Sermon to the Young, and a variety of Discourses preached on Fast-day and Communion occasions. "This volume is meant to exhibit the theological views and pastoral character of the distinguished author from the beginning to the end of his ministry. Except in relation to the mighty change which, in the year 1810, passed on his moral nature and his doctrinal creed, several of the Sermons here given ought certainly to have been withheld. But it is greatly by the help of these that the extent and grandeur of the change appears, and the elegant Preface and Notes of Dr. Hanna guard the Tender against acquiescence in the doctrinal heresy, and undue admiration of the terrestrial ethics which characterize the earlier part of the volume. Most of the doctrines propounded in the evangelical portion of the series may be found in the formerly published discourses of Dr. Chalmers. But it is grateful to have the same momentous truths illustrated, in a variety of forms, by such a master of truth and eloquence ; it is instructive to observe the firmness and consistency with which he held the peculiar doctrines of Christianity from the year of his conversion to the day of his death ; and the chronological arrangement which the editor has so judiciously adopted, enables the reader to trace the germ and first development, in the mind and ministry of Chalmers, of certain subordinate but important views which ultimately assumed, in his hands, the form of stately theories or dogmatic principles." - Scottish Guardian.
INSTITUTES OF THEOLOGY.
2 VOLS. 8vo, £1, 1s.
In 1841, Dr.Chalmers commenced re-writing and re-moulding his Theological Lectures into the form of a complete and comprehensive Treatise on Systematic Divinity. To this work all his leisure time was given. None of his published writings received a larger, if so large a measure of the author's care and thought in their preparation. He looked forward to it himself; when completed, as his largest and most matured contribution to the Science of Theology; and he has left it nearly in the state in which he designed to present it to public notice.
CONTENTS. - BOOK I. Introductory - Three Chapters - II. Natural Theology - Three Chapters. - III. Christian Evidences - Ten Chapters. - Subject-Matter OF Christianity - The Disease for which the gospel provides - Eight Chapters.
The Second Volume, amongst other topics, embraces the treatment of the ATONEMENT, FAITH, SANCTIFICATION, PREDESTINATION, THE TRINITY, &c.; "We think this course of lectures a most valuable addition to our theological literature, which - from its elementary nature, and from the clearness and force which characterizes it - will be very highly prized by the intelligent portion of the laity; and which, from its broad and candid spirit, may be used by young men who are preparing themselves for the ministry of the Gospel, though not of the same communion with the author, but belonging to the Church of England or any orthodox body ; and we have little doubt that its sterling weight will render it the most esteemed, and, therefore, the most enduring legacy that its illustrious author has left for the benefit of posterity." - Church of England Quarterly Review.
LIFE OF DR. CHALMERS.
MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE AND WRITINGS of THOMAS CHALMERS D.D., LLD.
by HIS SON-IN-LAW, THE REV. WILLIAM HANNA, LLD.
Birtbplace- - Genealogy - The School-room and Play-ground - University of St. Andrews - Intellectual Birth-time - Character of Dr. James Brown - Enters the Divinity- Hall - Twelvemonth of Mental Eleysium - College Compositions - Theological Society - Tutorship - License.
Family History - Arrival at Liverpool - First Sermon, preached at Wigan - Winter in Edinburgh - The Clerical Review - Dr. Brown , Speech - Second Session at Edinburgh - Professors Hope, Stewart, and Robison - State of Philosophical Scepticism - Mental History - The Door of Escape - A Month in Teviotdale - Assistantship at Cavers - Mathematical Lectureship at St Andrewe - Extracts from Lectures - His Father's Proposal rejected.
Ordination at Kilmany - The Church at Fern - Mathematical Lectures resumed - Commotion at St. Andrews - A Winter of Conflict - Journal - Commencement of Chemical Lectures - Antiquity of the Globe - Defence before the Presbytery - Attachment of his Students.
Chemical Lectures resumed at St Andrews - Presbyterial Interference - Candidate for the Natural Philosophy Chair at St Andrews,, and for the Mathematical Cbair at Edinburgh - First Pamphlet - Chemical Lectures at Kilmany and Cupar - Double Commission in the Volunteers - Incident at Kirkaldy - His Father'e Character - His Brother George's Death.
Journal of First Visit to London - Liverpool - Woodstock - Oxford - Wilkie's Picture - Speech of Sheridan - Windsor, and the Royal Family - Cambridge-York.
Publication of an Inquiry into the Extent and Stability of National Resources - Pamphlet by Mr. Spence - Best Mode of Levying an Income- Limited Enlistment - Specimen of his powers as a Military Engineer - Proposed Visit to London - Change of Purpose - His Sister's Death.
Winter at Woodsmuir - First Speech in the General Assembly - Becomes a Contributor to the Edinburgh Encyclopedia - Effect of Butler's Analogy - Early Religious Opinions - Evangelism condemned - Long and severe Illness-Its Effects.
The Sick-Chamber - The Transition-Period - The Effort after Moral and Spiritual Perfection - Commencement of Journal - The Failure - The Reading of Wilbcrforce's Practical View - His own Account of the great Change.
Gas-Tubes - Garden-Beds - Hospitality of the Manse - Supremacy of the Imagination over the Senses-Preparations for the Article "Christianity" - Correspondence with Dr. Andrew Thomson - Contribution to the Edinburgh Christian Instructor - Journal of 1811.
Correspondence with Mr. James Anderson. Chapter XI - Readings of the Bible-The Bible Society - His Sister's Marriage - His own Marriage - Journal of 1812.
The Edinburgh Review on Missions in India - The Serampore Missionaries - Dr. Carey - Sermen at Dundee - Visit of Andrew Fuller - The Trial of Extempore Preaching - Journal of 1813.
Publication of "The Evidences and Authority of the Christian Revelaiion" - Progress of Opinion as to the Internal Evidences of Christianity - Origin of his Views on Pauperism - Pamphlet on The Influence of Bible Societies on the Temporal Necessities of the Poor - Review of Cuvier's Theory of the Earth - The Indefinite Antiquity of ths Globe reconcilable with the Mosaic Narrative-Contribution to the Eclectic Review on the Moravians as Missionaries.
Appearances in Church Courts - Presbytery of Cupar - Alterations and Repairs upon Manses - Synod of Fife - Case of Mr. Ferrie - Speech before the General Assembly.
Ministry at Kilmany - Its first Seven Years-The Change-The Sick- Room - The Visitation - The Examination - The Class for the Young - The Pulpit - The Results.
Funeral Sermen at Bendochy - The Canvass at Glasgow - Letter from Dr. Jones - Removal from Kilmany.
The Second Vol. come will be issued with as little delay as possible, and the work is expected to be completed in three volumes.
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