SURVEY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT INTRODUCTION AND INDEX
Arranged from Genesis to Revelation by S. Ridout
(God developing His great plan of salvation)
"Great are your acts of salvation on the earth, O Jehovah"
THE PENTATEUCH OF PROPHETICAL BOOKS
We should not be surprised when we see the world mocking at the Bible. The Bible can only be understood by those who are indwelt by God's Holy Spirit. See 1 Cor.2:14
Three Main Subjects of the Bible are:
CREATION - The world and man which God created, now seen under the effect of sin THE LAW - A rule given to fallen man in the midst of this creation to see if he could live there according to God's command and thus be blessed THE SON OF GOD - Manifestation of the grace and love of God, express image of God in whom the Father was seen Who accomplished all the counsels of God and through whom man can now obtain blessing
WHY A SURVEY
Properly done, Bible study is an adventure-packed experience. It is a voyage of discovery for, as often as not, we find ourselves sooner or later in unknown ports. Like all explorers, the wise student of Scripture will climb the heights now and then to survey the lay of the land. This week we intend to get a panoramic view of the Old Testament, so that you may see the details of an appreciation for the beauty, harmony and content of the O.T. and get a general idea of the purposes of God as unfolded therein.
OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT
Our Bible is divided into two main parts ... Old and New Testaments. The former takes us from creation to the last of the prophets, Malachi, some 400 years before the coming of Christ into the world. The New Testament begins with the fore- runner of Christ, John the Baptist, and then the birth of Christ, and takes us on in the spirit of prophecy to the end of time and into the eternal state of the New Heaven and the New Earth.
For the N.T., you multiply the three letters by the nine letters and you have 27 books. Adding the totals of 39 and 27, you have the entire number of books in the Bible, 66.
MANY WRITERS - ALL INSPIRED OF GOD
The Bible was written book by book over a period of some 1600 years. Some 35 or more human instruments were used of God to write it. Peter tells us, "holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost." (2 Peter 1:21).They were men of great diversity and of different stations in life; they lived during a long period of changing times. Moses probably commenced writing the first five books around 1500 B.C. and it was around 96 A.D. when the Apostle John wrote the last book, the Revelation. Yet we shall see that there is a wonderful harmony and a divine unity of purpose and design in all the books written by them. There is no contradiction in all they wrote. This is because God is the author of the whole Bible and of each part and book. The marvelous harmony of the Bible under such composition is in itself a mark of divine inspiration and Holy Spirit authorship. "All scripture is given by inspiration of God" (2 Tim.3:16). This we must ever bear in mind and hold fast to.
There are many extra biblical indications found in History, Archeology and fulfilled prophecy which very strongly support the divine authorship of the Bible. However, the greatest proof of its authenticity will always be the effect it has on the sinner and in the life of the believer.
This book will keep you from sin, or sin will keep you from this book.
75% of the Bible is devoted to the O.T. and 25% to the New. The O.T. Covers a period of about 4000 years, while the New covers about 100 years. Of this 4000 year period of the O.T., we are given a very brief sketch of the first 2000 (Gen.1-11) which is devoted to the human race; where as the other 2000 is devoted to the story of the chosen race, and occupies from Genesis 12 the end of Malachi.
The O.T. falls into four great divisions:
THE LAW - Pentateuch - Genesis - Deuteronomy
HISTORY - Joshua - Esther
POETRY - Job - Song of Solomon
PROPHECY - Isaiah - Malachi
The Law and History books give the story of Israel from Abraham to the Restoration after the Captivity. The Poetical and Prophetical books are contemporaneous with these
The Lord Jesus refers to the Old Testament in three divisions (Luke 24:44) shown below. This corresponds to the Hebrew divisions:
|THE LORD'S||THE HEBREW|
|Law of Moses||Torah|
Two chapters (Gen.1 & 2) give us the history of
unfallen man, and the rest of Scripture - fallen man! That is what we have made
our Bible; we have compelled God, as it were, in writing His book, to divide it
into two such unequal parts, that a single leaf tells of what man was when he
came from God's hand, and the whole volume tells us of God's remedy, when the
ruin and the sin had come in.
The great bulk of the O.T. is occupied with the descendants of Abraham; i.e. Israel. Up to Gen.12 Bible history has been that of the whole Adamic race. There has been neither Jew nor Gentile, all have been one in the 'first man Adam.' Henceforth, in the Scripture record, humanity must be thought of as a vast stream from which God, in the call of Abram and the creation of the nation of Israel, has but drawn off a slender rill, through which He may at last purify the great river itself." (Schofield)
Israel's function was at least a three-fold one:
TO PROCLAIM JEHOVAH'S NAME (Isa.43:10)
TO PRODUCE THE MESSIAN (Rom.1:3, 9:5) 3
TO PRESERVE THE SCRIPTURES (Rom.3:1-2)
The great burden of the O.T. is, of course, the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ. He could truly say, "In the volume of the book it is written of me." Here we have:
1 The Sufferings of Christ
2 The Glories that should follow
The N.T. declares that this was the two-fold theme of "the Spirit of Christ was indicating as He predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow. (1 Pet.1:10-12, 5:1, Luke 24:26)
There are seven great predictions contained in the O.T. concerning Him. He was to be of:
The Human Race - Seed of the Woman - Gen.3:15
A Branch of that Race - Shem - Gen.9:26
A Nation of that Branch - Abraham - Gen.12:3
A Tribe of that Nation - Judah - Gen.49:10
A Family of that Tribe - David - 2 Sam. 7:16
An Individual of that Family - The Virgin - Isa.7:14
The Town of that Individual - Bethlehem - Mic.5:2
The Old and New Testaments are in full harmony with each other and intimately linked together. "The New is in the Old concealed - he Old is in the New revealed."
GENESIS, EXODUS, LEVITICUS, NUMBERS, DEUTERONOMY
JOSHUA, JUDGES AND RUTH, BOOKS OF SAMUEL AND KINGS, EZRA, NEHEMIAH AND ESTHER, CHRONICLES
Pentateuch of Prophetical Books
ISAIAH, JEREMIAH AND LAMENTATIONS, EZEKIEL, DANIEL MINOR PROPHETS
-- 12 in number: HOSEA, JOEL, AMOS, OBADIAH, JONAH, MACIAH, NAHUM, HABAKKUK, ZEPHANIAH, HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, and MALACHI
Pentateuch of Poetical Books
PSALMS, JOB, SONG OF SOLOMON, ECCLESIASTES, PROVERBS
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